The Process of Wisdom Teeth Extraction: An Overview with Dentists

Wisdom teeth, also known as third molars, are the last set of teeth to develop in the back of the mouth. They typically emerge between the ages of 17 and 25. However, not everyone has enough room in their mouths to accommodate these extra teeth, which can lead to a variety of problems. In these cases, wisdom teeth extraction may be necessary.

The Process of Wisdom Teeth Extraction

The process of wisdom teeth extraction begins with a consultation with an oral surgeon. During this appointment, the surgeon will examine your mouth and take 3D X-rays to determine the position and health of your wisdom teeth. If it is determined that extraction is necessary, the surgeon will explain the procedure to you and answer any questions you may have.

The actual extraction procedure is typically done under local anaesthesia, which numbs the area around the tooth, or IV sedation, which helps you relax and feel sleepy during the procedure. In some cases, general anaesthesia may be used.

Once you are numb or sedated, the surgeon will make an incision in the gum tissue to expose the wisdom tooth. Then, the tooth will be loosened with an instrument called an elevator, and removed with forceps. In some cases, the tooth may be broken into smaller pieces to make removal easier. After the tooth is removed, the surgeon will clean the socket and may place stitches to help the area heal.

After the procedure, you will need to rest at home for a few days and avoid solid foods until the numbness from the anaesthesia wears off. Your surgeon will give you instructions on how to care for the extraction site and manage any pain or swelling. It’s important to follow these instructions closely to ensure proper healing.

Overall, wisdom teeth extraction is a relatively common procedure. If your wisdom teeth are causing problems or are at risk of doing so, your oral surgeon may recommend extraction to prevent future issues. With proper care and attention, the recovery process should be relatively quick and uneventful.

Why the need of extraction?

One of the most common reasons for wisdom teeth extraction is impaction, which occurs when the tooth is unable to fully emerge from the gumline. This can cause pain, swelling, and infection in the gums and surrounding tissue. In severe cases, impaction can also lead to cysts or tumours that can cause damage to the jawbone and surrounding teeth. By extracting the impacted tooth, these problems can be prevented.

Another reason to extract wisdom teeth is to prevent overcrowding. As the wisdom teeth emerge, they can push against the adjacent teeth, causing them to shift and become misaligned. This can lead to bite problems and an increased risk of tooth decay and gum disease. By removing the wisdom teeth, the other teeth are able to stay in their proper position, reducing the risk of these issues.

In addition to these practical reasons, wisdom teeth extraction can also improve a person’s appearance. As the wisdom teeth push against the other teeth, they can cause the front teeth to overlap and appear crooked. This can be corrected by removing the wisdom teeth and allowing the front teeth to return to their proper position.

Should you keep your wisdom teeth?

One of the main reasons why people may choose to keep their wisdom teeth is that they are not causing any problems. If the wisdom teeth are fully erupted and are able to function properly, there may be no need to extract them. In fact, removing healthy teeth can lead to a loss of biting and chewing function, as well as cause changes in the bite.

Another reason people may choose to keep their wisdom teeth is the potential risks associated with the extraction procedure. Although wisdom teeth extraction is a relatively common and safe procedure, it still carries some risks, such as bleeding, infection, and nerve damage. In some cases, these risks may outweigh the potential benefits of extraction.

Additionally, extraction of wisdom teeth can lead to long-term oral health issues, such as jawbone resorption. When wisdom teeth are extracted, the jawbone in the area where the tooth used to be starts to shrink away, which can cause changes in the surrounding teeth and the way the jaw joint functions. This can lead to a decrease in the bite force and an increase in the risk of tooth decay and periodontal disease.

Furthermore, extraction of wisdom teeth may not be the only solution to the problem. In some cases, other options, such as orthodontic treatment or regular monitoring and cleaning, may be effective in managing any issues caused by the wisdom teeth.

In conclusion, wisdom teeth extraction is a decision that should not be taken lightly. While extraction may be necessary in some cases, it is important to weigh the potential benefits against the risks and consider alternative options. It is recommended to consult with a dental professional and discuss the best course of action for your specific case. Ultimately, the decision should be based on an individual’s unique oral health needs and circumstances.